After capturing the Tingel Arm in a successful campaign early in the war, the Empire moved to secure the rest of the Outer Rim Territories.As world after world fell to the onslaught of the Sith, the Galactic Senate of the Republic was deadlocked on how to proceed with the defense of the galaxy.Despite their convincing facade of sincerity, the Sith were in fact using the conference as a distraction from their ultimate objective—the capture of the Republic's capital world, Coruscant.While Lords Angral, prepared to lead the attack on the planet, Lord Baras led the Imperial peace delegation to Alderaan, where they met the Republic delegation led by the Cerean Senator Paran Am-Ris.As the Senate worked to prioritize the Republic's defenses, many worlds were left wholly unprotected.
In response to those Republic victories, shocking the galaxy.
Other than the cessation of open warfare, the treaty only benefited the Republic in that it called for an end to the Empire's assault and occupation of Coruscant, the capital of the Galactic Republic.
Although it was only a small delegation of diplomats that agreed to the Treaty, the agreement could only be overturned within the Republic by a vote in the Galactic Senate.
The Sacking of Coruscant placed the Republic's capital firmly under the control of the Sith Empire, and gave the Imperial delegation on Alderaan the leverage they needed in order to demand the Republic's surrender of the war.
The leader of the Imperial delegation—the Sith Lord Darth Baras—authored the Treaty of Coruscant and presented it to the representatives of the Senate and the Jedi Order for their signatures.