This species is almost entirely associated with mountains and inselbergs with plentiful cliffs, crags, precipices, canyons and gorges.They are often found near alpine pastures and meadows, montane grassland and heath, steep-sided, rocky wadis, high steppe and are occasional around forests.This colouration may come from dust-bathing, rubbing mud on its body or from drinking in mineral-rich waters. The juvenile bird is dark black-brown over most of the body, with a buff-brown breast and takes five years to reach full maturity.The bearded vulture is silent, apart from shrill whistles in their breeding displays and a falcon-like cheek-acheek call made around the nest.In Africa, it is found in the Atlas Mountains, the Ethiopian Highlands and down from Sudan to northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, central Kenya and northern Tanzania.An isolated population inhabits the Drakensberg of South Africa.The bearded vulture is the only known animal whose diet consists almost exclusively (70 to 90 percent) of bone.the Indian subcontinent, and Tibet, laying one or two eggs in mid-winter that hatch at the beginning of spring. The population of this species continues to decline.
The high fat content of bone marrow makes the net energy value of bone almost as good as that of muscle, even if bone is less completely digested.
It usually disdains the actual meat, however, and lives on a diet that is typically 85–90% bone marrow.
This is the only living bird species that specializes in feeding on marrow.
or ossifrage, is a bird of prey and the only member of the genus Gypaetus.
Traditionally considered an Old World vulture, it actually forms a minor lineage of Accipitridae together with the Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), its closest living relative.